Vent Disease İn Rabbits ,
Treponematosis (Vent Disease, Rabbit Syphilis) (Vent Disease, Rabbit Syphilis)
Treponematosis is a venereal disease of rabbits caused by Treponema bacteria.
It occurs in both sexes and is transferred via sexual contact and from the doe to her progeny.
Although the type of Treponema that causes rabbit treponematosis is closely related to the one that causes human syphilis, these germs are not transmissible to other domestic animals or people.
The incubation period is 3 to 6 weeks.
Affected rabbits have tiny blisters or slow-healing lesions that get covered with a thick scab.
These sores normally are isolated to the vaginal area, although the lips and eyelids may also be implicated.
Infected rabbits should not be bred.
Diagnosis is based on the indicators and laboratory investigations.
Hutch burn (see below) is commonly mistaken with treponematosis since the illnesses have extremely similar characteristics.
Treponematosis is treated with penicillin injections.
Rabbits should not be administered penicillin by mouth because oral penicillin may induce serious antibiotic-associated diarrhea.
All rabbits in a group must be treated even if no indications of sickness are evident.
Sores normally heal within 10 to 14 days, and cured rabbits may be mated without risk of transferring the illness.
How is vent illness treated in rabbits?
Parenteral (never oral) penicillin is beneficial in treating rabbits with venereal spirochetosis.
Penicillin G benzathine-penicillin G procaine at 42,000 to 84,000 IU/kg SC every 7 days for three injections15, or penicillin G procaine at 40,000 to 60,000 IU/kg IM every 5 to 7 days for 5 to 7 days.
Is rabbit vent sickness contagious?
Treponematosis (Vent Disease, Rabbit Syphilis)
Although the Treponema species responsible for rabbit treponematosis is closely related to the species responsible for human syphilis, these germs are not transmissible to other domestic animals or people.